Theodore Roosevelt From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Teddy roosevelt)

Theodore Roosevelt

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Teddy roosevelt)
For other people named Theodore Roosevelt, see Theodore Roosevelt (disambiguation).
Theodore Roosevelt
T Roosevelt.jpg
26th President of the United States
In office
September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909
Vice President None (1901–1905)
Charles W. Fairbanks
Preceded by William McKinley
Succeeded by William Howard Taft
25th Vice President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1901 – September 14, 1901
President William McKinley
Preceded by Garret Hobart
Succeeded by Charles W. Fairbanks
33rd Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1899 – December 31, 1900
Lieutenant Timothy L. Woodruff
Preceded by Frank S. Black
Succeeded by Benjamin Barker Odell Jr.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
In office
April 19, 1897 – May 10, 1898
President William McKinley
Preceded by William McAdoo
Succeeded by Charles Herbert Allen
Member of the New York State Assembly
from the Manhattan 21st district
In office
January 1, 1882 – December 31, 1884
Preceded by William J. Trimble
Succeeded by Henry A. Barnum
Personal details
Born Theodore Roosevelt
October 27, 1858
New York City
Died January 6, 1919 (aged 60)
Oyster Bay, New York, US
Resting place Youngs Memorial Cemetery
Oyster Bay, New York, US
Political party Republican (1880–1909)
Progressive “Bull Moose”(1912)
Relations See Roosevelt family
Children Alice Lee, Theodore III,Kermit, Ethel Carow,Archibald Bulloch (“Archie”), and Quentin
Parents Theodore Roosevelt Sr.
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
Alma mater Harvard University (A.B.)
Columbia Law School (J.D.)
Religion Dutch Reformed Church
Awards Nobel Prize.png Nobel Peace Prize (1906)
Medal of Honor ribbon.svg Medal of Honor
(Posthumously; 2001)
Signature Cursive signature in ink
Military service
Service/branch New York National Guard
United States Army
Years of service 1882–1886, 1898
Rank US-O6 insignia.svg Colonel
Commands 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry
Battles/wars Spanish–American War
Battle of Las Guasimas
Battle of San Juan Hill
TheodoreRoosevelt(cropped).jpg This article is part of a series about
Theodore Roosevelt

  • Governor of New York

  • Vice President of the United States

President of the United States

First Term

Second Term

Post Presidency

Theodore Roosevelt Signature-2.svg

President of the United States

Theodore Roosevelt (/ˈrzəvɛlt/ roh-zə-velt;[a] October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy orTR, was an American statesman, author, explorer, soldier, naturalist, and reformer who served as the 26th President of the United States, from 1901 to 1909. A leader of the Republican Party, he was a leading force of the Progressive Era. Born a sickly child with debilitating asthma, Roosevelt embraced a strenuous lifestyle and successfully regained his health. He integrated his exuberant personality, vast range of interests, and world-famous achievements into a “cowboy” persona defined by robust masculinity. Home-schooled, he became a lifelong naturalist before attendingHarvard College. His first of many books, The Naval War of 1812 (1882), established his reputation as both a learned historian and a popular writer. He entered politics, becoming the leader of the reform faction of Republicans in New York’s state legislature. Following the deaths of his wife and mother, he escaped to the wilderness and operated a cattle ranch in the Dakotas. He returned to run unsuccessfully for Mayor of New York City in 1886. He served asAssistant Secretary of the Navy under William McKinley, resigning after one year to serve with the Rough Riders, gaining national fame for courage during the War in Cuba. Returning a war hero, he was elected governor of New York in 1898. A frustrated party establishment made him McKinley’s running mate in the election of 1900. He campaigned vigorously across the country, helping McKinley win reelection by a landslide on a platform of peace, prosperity, and conservatism.

The assassination of President McKinley in September 1901 meant that at age 42, Roosevelt had become President of the United States, the youngest in history. Leading his party and country into the Progressive Era, he championed his “Square Deal” domestic policies, promising the average citizen fairness, breaking of trusts, regulation of railroads, and pure food and drugs. Making conservation a top priority, he established myriad new national parks, forests, and monuments in order to preserve the nation’s natural resources. In foreign policy, he concentrated on Central America, where he began construction of the Panama Canal. He also greatly expanded the United States Navy and sent theGreat White Fleet on a world tour to project the United States’ naval power. His successful efforts to end the Russo-Japanese War won him the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize.

Elected in 1904 to a full term, he continued pursuit of progressive policies, eventually culminating in blockage of his legislative agenda in Congress. Roosevelt successfully groomed his close friend, William Howard Taft, for the presidency. After leaving office, he went on safari in Africa and toured Europe. Returning to the USA, he became frustrated with Taft’s approach as his successor, trying, but failing to win the nomination in 1912. He founded his own party, the Progressive “Bull Moose” Party, and called for wide-ranging progressive reforms. The split allowed the Democrats to win the White House and Congress in 1912; those Republicans aligned with Taft would control the Republican Party for decades.

Frustrated at home, Roosevelt led a two-year expedition in the Amazon, nearly dying of tropical disease. During World War I, he opposed President Wilson for keeping the U.S. out of the war against Germany, and offered his military services, which were never summoned. Although he planned to run again for president in 1920, his health quickly deteriorated, and he died in early 1919. Roosevelt has consistently been ranked by scholars as one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.[2] His face adorns Mount Rushmore alongside those of Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln.

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